PUBLISHED: 12:49 AM 17 Jan 2018

Google Increases Undersea Cloud Global Infrastructure As “Curie” Ownership Hints At Full Control

Bryan Zormeier by

Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google, expands the internet market into Hong Kong and Chile.

Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google, expands the internet market into Hong Kong and Chile.

Google’s vice president laid out in a blog on Tuesday, the future of cloud computing. Benjamin Sloss described the next steps for the international tech giant. Building data centers and dropping undersea cables, the company is committing to expanding their internet empire. A private internet cable, Curie depicts how much control Google has over global networking infrastructure.

Over the past three years, Google has spent $30 billion on updating and improving infrastructure. The vice president announced three undersea cables to be laid out in 2019. The Hong Kong-Guam Cable System (HK-G) will be a consortium cable connecting major communication hubs in Hong Kong and Guam.

Havfrue will be a consortium cable making landings in the United States, Iceland and Ireland. The third cable being constructed will be a private cable connecting Chile to Los Angeles. To accompany the undersea connections, Google is also building data centers across the globe.

In the first quarter of 2018 communication hubs are going to open in Montreal and the Netherlands. Los Angeles, Hong Kong and Finland are set to follow later in the year. The new network facilities indicate a dedication to greater internet service and cloud technologies.

The infrastructure being built is designed to keep Google competitive with Microsoft and Amazon in the world of cloud computing. Google improved Google network could account for up to 25% of the global internet traffic. Sloss made mention that PayPal chooses to use Google Cloud for their business needs.

A map showing Google’s Cloud network, the yellow lines illistrate new cables being lain.

Google choose to build Curie in 2008 and become the first non-telecom company to produce a private cable network traversing multiple continents. Named after Marie Curie, the cable will be the first new internet line to enter Chile in 20 years. Advocating for the benefits of owning an entire cable, Sloss described the value to the company and the consumer.

Because Google is the only company involved in the production of the Curie cable, the company will be able to control the design and construction. Google will be able to optimize latency and be able to streamline delivery and deploy with specifications best suited for Google’s market. Being able to make immediate routing decisions, Sloss believes Chile’s largest data pipe will serve people across South America.

The Havfrue cable is set to serve the people across the northern Atlantic. The cable is being partnered with Facebook, Aqua Comms, and Bulk Infrastructure. Danish for mermaid, Havfrue will be commissioned by TE SubCom and is expected to be operational by the end of 2019.

The Hong Kong-Guam cable system is designed for a scalable network in the Pacific. Connecting Guam to Hong Kong, the cable is being built as an auxiliary to existing lines. Being able to route data, the bandwidth serviced to Australia and Oceania will be greatly improved.

In total Google has investments in 11 undersea cables. This means Google Cloud will have over 100 points of presence and 7,500 edge caching nodes. A faster and more reliable connection for all users of googles network.

Sloss claims by using Google’s cloud network, consumers can be on the same network being used to drive Google’s Machine Learning Engine, Spanner and BigQuery. Using their G Suite services, sloss continued, customers are given the same speed and security on the same reliable network as the tech giant.

The map shows points of Google’s Cloud data centers. Points of landfall for the internet cables and server depots for the network. new centers are tagged in white.

By developing a direct path from the cloud to the end user Google is touting an increased reliability of their cloud infrastructure. Ninety plus cloud CDN locations and 47 dedicated interconnect locations represented in 15 GCP regions, the fiber optic internet cable network is claimed to be the best ever designed.

With tech corporations like Google and Facebook laying internet cables along the seafloor, communications across the world are aimed to increase and become more prevalent. Constructing hub locations where the data is received and encoded, companies who build the facilities are also able to build greater surveillance and storage of user data.

The Restoration of Internet Freedom Act, pending approval from the Office of Management and Budget, is aimed to shift the power of companies on the internet. Making it more difficult to censor users on a social website, the repeal of Net Neutrality will broaden the discussion on the internet and will no longer silence right leaning news.

Google gave no word how their new Cloud networks will be designed to prevent against Meltdown or Spectre attacks.